Military Merit Cross, Type I, Civil Division, Silver Cross (1855-1865)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.AUT.0101.101.01.001

Estimated market value:

$700 USD

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Estimated market value:

$700 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Austria (Imperial)
  • Composition
    Silver/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: VERDIENST
  • Size
    31mm
  • Version Remarks
    The reverse of this version features white enamel.

History


This decoration was founded by Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was awarded to Officers in the Austrian Army who displayed extraordinary courage and merit in wartime, or who rendered outstanding service in peacetime.

On January 12, 1860 an Imperial decree added a War Decoration to the cross for recipients that had courageously faced the enemy during war time. The War Decoration is a gilt laurel wreath that is attached between the cross arms.

From 1860 onward the peacetime awards do not feature a gilt laurel wreath, and the wartime awards featured a laurel wreath.

The Type I crosses have a plain silver reverse.

The Silver Cross (with diamonds) was awarded from 1856 onward to high ranking military personnel.

One example is Archduke Albrecht of Austria-Teschen, an Austrian Field Marshal who was awarded the Type I Silver Cross (with diamonds).

There were approximately 23 Silver Cross/I Class Cross (with diamonds) awarded by the end of the Monarchy.

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