Order of Albert the Bear, Grand Master Collar (in silver gilt)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.ANH.0101.101.01.000

  • Order of Albert the Bear, Grand Master Collar (in silver gilt) Illustration

Estimated market value:

N/A

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: FUERCHTE GOTT UND BEFOLGE SEINE BEFEHLE Rev: ALBRECHT DER BAER REG: 1123 BIS 1170
  • Image Licensing
    This image is attributed to "Die Ritter- und Verdienst-Orden, Ehrenzeichen und Medaillen aller Souveräne und Staaten" by Ludwig. J. Trost, first published in 1910. It is in the public domain in all countries where the copyright is the author’s term of life plus 70 years.

History


The Order was founded by Prince Sigismund I and was named after Albrecht the Bear (1110-1170), who was the first Ascanian Margrave of Brandenburg, as well as the Count of Anhalt and Ballenstadt. On November 18, 1836, the Order was renewed and made a joint House Order by three Dukes of Anhalt, Henry (Heinrich), Duke of Anhalt-Köthen, Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt, and Alexander Carl, Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg. The Dukes awarded the Order to meritorious subjects as a token of honour and distinction.

The Order originally featured three main grades and two merit medals, which included: Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, Knight, Gold Medal of Merit, and Silver Medal of Merit. In 1848, the grade of Commander was expanded into I Class Commander with I Class Commander Breast Star and II Class Commander. In 1854, the grade of Knight was expanded into I Class Knight and II Class Knight.

The Order was amended on July 18, 1864, to incorporate crossed swords as a possible addition for wartime merit. The crossed swords, which are added between the top of the medal and the suspension ring, indicate a Military Division award. The absence of crossed swords indicates a Civil Division award.

In 1901, a surmounting gold-coloured crown was added to the grades of Grand Cross, I Class Commander, II Class Commander, and I Class Knight. A surmounting silver crown was added to the grade of II Class Knight.

The original Collar was designed in 1839 and created in 1841. The materials used were gold foil and gilt. In 1865, Duke Leopold Friedrich ordered the construction of a new collar made from pure gold. In 1917, four collars were produced out of bronze gilt. The location of all six of these Collars is unknown.

Examples do exist, however, they are collector-made reproductions and they are smaller than the originals.

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