Albert Order, Type I, Civil Division, Grand Cross Breast Star, by M. Elimeyer
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This Order was instituted by King Freidrich August II in commemoration of the 350th anniversary of the death of his predecessor Duke Albert III, also known as Albert the Bold.
The Order was awarded to recognize general merit and service to the States, such as civil merit, military merit, and merit in art and science.
In 1866 crossed swords began to be added through the centre of the awards conferred for bravery and military merit during wartime. The crossed swords were also featured on the overarching ring of the award after 1871.
The Type I awards were meant to feature the portrait of Duke Albert III on the obverse, but the wrong image was selected and they actually featured the portrait of Albert the Perennial. The mistake was eventually fixed, and the correct portrait was used in the Type II awards.
The Type I awards are known as the "Baker Cap" Type and the Type II awards are known as the "Hinged Cap" or "Young Portrait" Type.
The Type I Grand Cross Breast Star with a metal form were first manufactured by Scharffenburg in 1858. Other manufacturers included Elimeyer, Godet from Berlin, Rothe from Vienna, and Vincent Mayer & Sons from Vienna.
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