High Order of the Black Eagle, Breast Star (19th century)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.PRU.0101.103.01.002

Estimated market value:

$5000+ USD

  • Breast Star (19th century)

Estimated market value:

$5000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Heinrich Vogel & Alckens, Munich
  • Composition
    Embroidered/Gold Wire/Silver Wire
  • Inscription
    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE
  • Size
    80mm
  • Image Licensing
    The image of the High Order of the Black Eagle, Breast Star (19th century) is a scanned image from the Book "Die Ritter und Verdienst Orden, Ehrenzeichen und Medaillen aller Souveräne und Statten" edited by L.J. Trost. The book was published in 1910.

History


This Order was founded by Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg on the day before his coronation to become King Friedrich I of Prussia. Elector Friedrich III instituted the Order to demonstrate the importance and dignity of Prussia within the European hierarchy.

The Order was primarily conferred upon foreign and domestic Princes, Heads of State, and Dignitaries in recognition of extraordinary civil and military merit and achievements. It was also awarded to members of the Prussian military.

From 1703 to 1847, the Order was only awarded to members of the nobility who could trace their lineage through multiple generations.

On February 20, 1847, King Freidrich Wilhelm IV amended the Order to include individuals who were not of noble lineage. These recipients, in turn, would receive hereditary nobility.

The Order featured only one grade, which included a Collar, Cross, and an associated Breast Star. The reigning King could award the Order with or without the collar. The Order members had to wear their decorations at all times or risk fines for violating the Order’s rules.

The Order decorations could be conferred with diamonds to members of royal families and other high-ranking recipients for exceptional merit.

The Order's motto was "Suum Cuique," which is translates to, “To each according to his merits.”

The Order was discontinued in 1918.

The Breast Star was embroidered until the early 19th century and had many versions, ranging in size and design.

The Breast Star featured both smooth rays, and filed or pebbled (faceted) rays, and ranged in size from 72-100mm.

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