Order of Saint Catherine, Grand Cross Badge
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The Order of St. Catherine was founded in 1714 by Tsar Peter the First to commemorate his wife's courage during the the Ottoman campaign of 1711. After his wife's death in 1727 the order was disbanded, but in 1797 Emperor Paul I reissued and redesigned the Order.
The Order can only be conferred upon women.
The Grand Cross could be conferred on Grand Duchesses, Princesses, and foreign noblewomen.
The ribbon attached to the badge is embroidered with the following: За Любовь и Отечество, translated as "For Love and the Fatherland".
The acronym "D.S.F.R." stands for Domine Salvum Fac Regem (O Lord Save the Sovereign), and the acronym "S.E.V." stands for Saint Catherine the Great Martyr.
The reverse features an inscription, translated as "Equals the Deeds of the Consort".
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