The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. It is bounded by Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is the smallest African country and on November 12, 1968 it became a UN member. The current capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, the government is currently planning a new capital city. Over 1.2 million live in Equatorial Guinea. The official languages are Spanish, French and Portuguese. It is the only country in Africa to have Spanish as an official language.
In the 15th century, Portugal took possession of today's Equatorial Guinea under the name Fernando Póo. In 1778, Portugal gave the colony to Spain. In 1963, the colony gained autonomy under the name Equatorial Guinea. The country became independent on October 12, 1968. Three weeks before independence, Francisco Macías Nguema was elected president. In 1969, there were riots that led to the repeal of the Constitution and a terror regime took place. Many people fled from Equatorial Guinea. Now Equatorial Guinea is a parliamentary democracy; however, the president dominates the country at all levels of decision-making.
The Order of Independence is the highest title, established by the newly independent nation in 1968.
Reguladora del estatuto de las personas condecoradas, Decreto 61/2009. http://www.guineequatoriale-info.net/infonet/madallas_es.htm.
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