The State of Libya is a country in North Africa. Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa. It is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria and Tunisia. The largest city and capital is Tripoli. The population of Libya is 6.6 million. The official language is Arabic.
Libya was conquered by the Spanish at the beginning of the 16th century. Later, the Ottomans conquered the country. Afterwards, Italy had power over Libya and in 1934, Italy declared its Libyan possessions a colony of Italian Libya. In the Second World War, Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. In 1951, Libya was released to independence. Libya had only one King in its entire history. Idris ruled the country from 1951 to 1969 and he was at the same time the head of the Senussi Muslim order.
The Order of Idris I was the highest title and was considered the highest Order within the nation until 1969.
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