The Republic of Rwanda is a country in Central and East Africa. It is one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Rwanda is bounded by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country is also known as the Land of a Thousand Hills because most of the country is covered by rolling, grassy hills. It has a population of 11,2 million people. The official languages are English, French, Kinyarwanda and Swahili. The capital and largest city is Kigali.

The country has old history as a monarchy. At the end of the 19th century, Rwanda became a part of German East Africa. During the First World War Belgian forces captured Rwanda. In 1962, Rwanda attained Independence. In 1990 there was one historical incident, the genocide against the Tutsi. It was a mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda during the Rwandan Civil War. An estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, constituting an estimated 70% of the Tutsi population.

The Distinguished Conduct Order was the highest title.


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