National Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Officer

SKU: 01.BRA.00119.204.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Grand Officer Obverse
  • Grand Officer Obverse
  • Grand Officer Reverse
  • Grand Officer Obverse
  • Grand Officer Obverse
  • Grand Officer Obverse
  • Grand Officer Reverse
  • Grand Officer Reverse
  • Grand Officer Details

Attributes

  • country
    Brazil
  • date of institution
    December 1, 1822

History


The Imperial Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Imperial do Cruzeiro) was founded by Emperor Pedro I in commemoration of the recent independence of Brazil from the Portuguese crown, and on the occasion of his coronation as the new Emperor of Brazil. The first Order's Knights were accepted the same day.

It was the first Brazilian Order without relation to the Portuguese crown. It was awarded to military personnel of the Brazilian Imperial Army and Navy who significantly served the nation. It was considered the most honorable Order of merit in the country. In order of precedence, it was third after the two ancients military orders.

The grades were Grand Cross limited to 12 members; Dignitary limited to 45 members; Officer limited to 320 members; and Knight.

This Order was abolished by decree on March 22, 1891.

The Order was re-established as the National Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul) on December 5, 1932 by President Getulio Vargas. It was the first republican Order founded in the country.

The Order is currently awarded to foreign civilians and military personnel for distinguished services to the nation. The new grades are Grand Cordon, Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight.

In MedalBook, the Order is classified into types. Type I includes the awards of the Imperial Order of the Southern Cross, while Type II includes the awards of the National Order of the Southern Cross.

In Type II, the awards were manufactured mainly by "LA ROYALE RIO BRASIL".

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Versions

  • Price

    $250 USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: BENEMERENTUM PRAEMIUM Rev: REPUBLICA DOS ESTADOS UNIDOS DO BRASIL

  • Size

    62x87mm

  • Maker

    La Royale Rio

  • Version Remarks

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