El Salvador

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is a country located in Central America, bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. Spanish is the official language, and San Salvador is the capital and largest city.

El Salvador was inhabited by several Mesoamerican cultures before the Spanish Empire conquered the territory during the 16th century. The country achieved its independence from Spain in 1821, and joined the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation. In 1895, the country formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which ended in 1898.

During the 20th century, El Salvador endured political and economic instability characterized by coups, revolts, and a succession of authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War in 1979–1992. The negotiated settlement established a multiparty constitutional republic, which remains to this day.

In MedalBook, the country is organized by Orders, Medals & Decorations, and Badges & Insignia.


Ross, Robert L. and Alan M. Stahl. From a Thankful Nation, Latin America Medals & Orders in the Robert L. Ross Collection. Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Library, 2014.

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