The Nation of Brunei is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The independent country is wedged between the states of Sarawak and Sabah on the Malaysian side. The name Brunei means "abode of peace." The population is roughly 417,000. The capital and largest city is Bandar Seri Begawan. The official language of Brunei is Malay.
The Sultan of Brunei is the absolute monarch of the nation, serving as the Prime Minister, Defence Minister, and Finance Minister of the country. He has the full executive authority and is also the head of the state. Although Brunei does have a parliament, no elections were held in the past several decades. The legal system of the country is based on both the English common law and the Islamic Sharia law. Moreover, the Sultan of Brunei holds an honorary commission in the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and Royal Navy.
The Sultanate of Brunei was reputed to reach its zenith by around the 16th century. However, the Brunei Empire began to decline in the 19th century. In 1888, Brunei became a British Conservation State. After the Japanese occupation in the Second World War in 1959, a new constitution was written. In 1962, a small armed rebellion against the monarchy was ended with the help of the British. On 1 January 1984, the country gained its independence from the UK. After that, Brunei developed to an industrialized country. Brunei ranked higher on the Human Development Index than all other countries in Southeast Asia aside from Singapore.
The Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei is the highest title.
Toole, E.H and Haji Abdul Mubin Sheppard. "Malayan Orders and Decorations." December 1961.
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medals and decorations
Royal Brunei Police Commemorative Medal for the Royal Proclamation 1965