Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross

SKU: 01.GRC.0101.203.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross Obverse
  • Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross Obverse
  • Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross Reverse
  • Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross Obverse
  • Order of the Redeemer, Type II, Grand Officer's Cross Reverse

Attributes

  • country
    Greece
  • date of institution
    May 20, 1833
  • makers
    Chobillon, Paris; Lemaitre, Paris

History


The Order of the Redeemer was established by the Fourth National Assembly in 1829 in the final year of the Greek War of Independence, although it was not officially instituted until the decree of May 20, 1833. Its name and form were chosen by the Assembly as a reminder that the Greek nation had been liberated during the war with divine assistance. It has remained the highest order of merit in Greece since its creation.

The Order was originally conferred upon Greek citizens for their service in the Greek War of Independence. Today, it is conferred upon Greek citizens for distinguished service in the Navy, the Army, and the diplomatic and judicial corps, as well as for outstanding service rendered to public service and administration, agriculture, industry, commerce, arts, and science, or for any other outstanding contributions to the nation.

The decorations are classified into two types based on changes in design. Type I decorations were awarded from 1829-1862, and feature the portrait of King Otho I on the reverse medallion. The Type II decorations have been awarded since 1863 and feature the image of Jesus Christ instead of Otho I - a change which prompted the portrait side to be worn as the obverse. Since the abolition of the Greek monarchy in 1974, the Type II decorations have undergone additional changes. From 1975-1984, the decorations did not feature a surmounting crown, and since 1984, they have been surmounted by a wreath of oak and laurel.

The Type II Grand Commander has an obverse inscription that translates to "Thy right hand, O Lord, is majestic in strength" (Exodus XV, 6) and a reverse inscription that translates to "The Fourth National Assembly of the Hellenes at Argos - 1829." It is identical to the Type II Commander, however, only the Grand Commander is worn with a Breast Star.

There are many variations present in this Order, due primarily to its age and the number of manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: composition, size, inscription punctuation, and crown design.

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Versions

  • Price

    $500+ USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: Η ΔΕΞΙΑ ΣΟΥ ΧΕΙΡ ΚΥΡΙΕ ΔΕΔΟΞΑΣΤΑΙ ΕΝ ΙΣΧΥΙ Rev: Η ΕΝ ΑΡΓΕΙ ΔΕΘΝΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩN ΕΥΝEΛΕΥΣΙΣ ΑΩΚΟ

  • Size

    47x77mm

  • Maker

    Arthus Bertrand, Paris

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item

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