Order of the Romanian Crown, Type I, Military Division, Commander's Cross
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The Order of the Romanian Crown was established by King Carol I in 1881 on the same day as his coronation. It was conferred upon Romanian citizens and foreigners in recognition of special merit. Beginning in 1938, the Order was awarded in civilian and military divisions, and in 1939 a grade was added for women. It could also be awarded with swords in recognition of wartime merit from 1916-1947. The Order was permanently suppressed in 1947 following the abolition of the Romanian monarchy. Today it exists as a dynastic order that is only awarded by the House of Hohenzollern.
There are two models of the Commander. The first features a crown on the obverse while the second features the royal cypher of King Carol II. The second model was awarded in three divisions that differ in design. The Commander (Military Division, peacetime, 1932-1947) features a surmounting crown and the Commander (Military Division, wartime, 1938-1947) features a surmounting crown and crossed swords. All versions have an obverse inscription that translates to "By Ourselves."
From 1881-1932 the Commander was awarded on a blue ribbon edged in grey and from 1932-1947 it was awarded on a blue ribbon with a centre silver stripe. From 1932-1947 it could also be awarded on a wartime ribbon (the same but with additional gold stripes) or a bravery ribbon (red with blue edges).
The Commander is identical to the Grand Officer, however, only the Grand Officer is worn with a Breast Star.
There may be additional versions of the Commander that differ in size or composition due to a variety of manufacturers.
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