Order of the Romanian Crown, Type I, Military Division, Grand Officer's Cross
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The Order of the Romanian Crown was established by King Carol I in 1881 on the same day as his coronation. It was conferred upon Romanian citizens and foreigners in recognition of special merit. Beginning in 1938, the Order was awarded in civilian and military divisions, and in 1939 a grade was added for women. It could also be awarded with swords in recognition of wartime merit from 1916-1947. The Order was permanently suppressed in 1947 following the abolition of the Romanian monarchy. Today it exists as a dynastic order that is only awarded by the House of Hohenzollern.
There are two models of the Grand Officer. The first features a crown on the obverse while the second features the royal cypher of King Carol II. The second model was awarded in three divisions that differ in design. The Grand Officer (Military Division, peacetime, 1932-1947) features a surmounting crown and the Grand Officer (Military Division, wartime, 1938-1947) features a surmounting crown and crossed swords. All versions have an obverse inscription that translates to "By Ourselves."
From 1881-1932 the Grand Officer was awarded on a blue ribbon edged in grey and from 1932-1947 it was awarded on a blue ribbon with a centre silver stripe. From 1932-1947 it could also be awarded on a wartime ribbon (the same but with additional gold stripes) or a bravery ribbon (red with blue edges).
The Grand Officer is identical to the Commander, however, only the Grand Officer is worn with a Breast Star.
There may be additional versions of the Grand Officer that differ in size or composition due to a variety of manufacturers.
Obv: PRIN NOI INSINE 14 MARTIE 1881 Rev: 10 MAIU 1866 1877 1881
Joseph Resch & Sons, Bucharest; K. Fischmeister, Vienna
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