Order of Military Merit, Commander

SKU: 01.ITA.0110.103.01

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  • Order of Military Merit, Commander Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Commander Obverse
  • Order of Military Merit, Commander Reverse


  • country
  • date of institution
    December 19, 1853
  • makers
    C.F. Rothe, Vienna


The Tuscan Order of Military Merit was founded by Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, on December 19, 1853. It was awarded to foreigners and Tuscan citizens in recognition of extraordinary military service to the Duchy of Tuscany and its Duke.

The Order was originally established with three classes: I Class Knight, II Class Knight, and III Class Knight. The two first Classes were made of gold, while the third Class was made of silver.

Ferdinand IV, the last Grand Duke of Tuscany, amended the Order Statutes in 1861, expanding the Order to include five grades (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight), and creating the Civil Merit division. He amended the Order a second time in 1862, adding the Medal of Merit in Gold, Silver, and Bronze grades. These new grades were reserved for Gentlemen and Officers.

This Order was officially abolished in 1860 when Tuscany was annexed into the Kingdom of Sardinia.

The Grand Duke of Tuscany was the Grand Master of the Order.

Upon the death of the recipient, the decoration was returned to the Secretary of the Order.

The Commander features a gold-coloured surmounting crown, and it was generally restricted to Officers. If the Commander was conferred upon a civilian they were bestowed with personal nobility.

The Commander is also known as the Knight II Class.


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  • Price

    $2300 USD

  • Composition


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  • Maker

    C.F. Rothe, Vienna

  • Version Remarks

    Hallmarked by maker's marl and Austria gold fineness hallmark.

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