Order of Military Merit, Grand Cross

SKU: 01.ITA.0110.101.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Grand Cross Obverse

Attributes

  • country
    Italy
  • date of institution
    December 19, 1853
  • makers
    C.F. Rothe, Vienna
  • remarks
    The image of the Grand Cross is attributed to Wikipedia at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Merite_toscane_R.jpg through the release of the work into the public domain by the source via the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2, and the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license.

History


The Order was founded by Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and awarded to foreigners and Tuscan citizen in recognition of extraordinary military service to the state of Tuscany.

This Order was officially abolished in 1860 when Tuscany was annexed into the Kingdom of Sardinia.

It continued to be awarded unofficially by Ferdinand IV, the previous Grand Duke of Tuscany. He amended the Order Statutes in 1861, expanding the Order to include five grades, and changing the name to the Order of Civil and Military Merit.

He amended the Order a second time in 1862, adding the Medal of Merit in a Gold, Silver, and Bronze grade. These new grades were reserved for Gentlemen and Officers.

The Grand Duke of Tuscany was the Grand Master of the Order.

The Grand Cross features a gold-coloured surmounting crown, and it was generally restricted to Officers. If the Grand Cross was conferred upon a civilian they were bestowed with hereditary nobility.

The Grand Cross is also known as the Knight I Class.

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Versions

  • Price

    $4300+ USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: MERITO MILITARE LII Rev: 1853

  • Size

    70mm

  • Maker

    C.F. Rothe, Vienna

  • Version Remarks

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