Order of Military Merit, Knight

SKU: 01.ITA.0110.104.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Knight Obverse
  • Knight Obverse
  • Knight Reverse
  • Knight Reverse
  • Knight and Case of Issue Obverse


  • country
  • date of institution
    December 19, 1853
  • makers
    C.F. Rothe, Vienna


The Tuscan Order of Military Merit was founded by Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, on December 19, 1853. It was awarded to foreigners and Tuscan citizens in recognition of extraordinary military service to the Duchy of Tuscany and its Duke.

The Order was originally established with three classes: I Class Knight, II Class Knight, and III Class Knight. The two first Classes were made of gold, while the third Class was made of silver.

Ferdinand IV, the last Grand Duke of Tuscany, amended the Order Statutes in 1861, expanding the Order to include five grades (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight), and creating the Civil Merit division. He amended the Order a second time in 1862, adding the Medal of Merit in Gold, Silver, and Bronze grades. These new grades were reserved for Gentlemen and Officers.

This Order was officially abolished in 1860 when Tuscany was annexed into the Kingdom of Sardinia by facto.

The Grand Duke of Tuscany was the Grand Master of the Order.

Upon the death of the recipient, the decoration was returned to the Secretary of the Order.

The Knight features a silver-coloured surmounting crown, and it was awarded to lower ranking Officers and Privates.

The Knight is also known as the Knight III Class.


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  • Price

    $1800 USD

  • Composition


  • Inscription

    Obv: MERITO MILITARE LII Rev: 1853

  • Size


  • Maker

    C.F. Rothe, Vienna

  • Version Remarks

    Hallmarked by maker's mark and Austrian gold fineness hallmark.

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