Military Order of Savoy, Type I, Commander

SKU: 01.ITA.0127.103.01

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  • country
  • date of institution
    August 14, 1815
  • remarks
    The image of the Commander is a scanned image from Plate 77 of "The Book of Orders of Knighthood and Decorations of Honour of all Nations" edited by Sir Bernard Burke. The book was published in 1858, and falls within the public domain in Canada {{PD-Canada-anon}} and the United States {{PD-1923}}. It is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. The image can be found at


The Order was founded by King Victor Emmanuel I, and it was awarded to military personnel in recognition of acts of honour, bravery, and merit during times of war; it was rarely awarded to foreigners. This Order was conferred upon all military personnel of all ranks.

In 1833, King Charles Albert instituted the Military Medal of Valour to circumvent the strict awarding criteria within the Order and reward all soldiers within the military for meritorious service, regardless of rank. The institution of this medal caused the Order to fall into disuse until it was re-organized in 1855.

Thus the Order Statutes were amended by King Victor Emmanuel II on September 28, 1855, resulting in a new design for the Order awards, and the addition of the grades of Grand Officer and Officer.

Following the fall of the Monarchy in 1946, the Order was not discontinued, it was renamed the Military Order of Italy on January 2, 1947.

The Type I crosses feature the form of the Savoy cross surrounded by a green enamelled wreath and surmounted by a crown.

The Grand Cross and Commander grades were awarded to high ranking military personnel for extraordinary merit in leading an army, division, or regiment.

The Commander grade was restricted to 14 recipients.

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  • Price

    $3000+ USD

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  • Inscription

    Rev: VE

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    Value greatly depends on quality, size, manufacturing period and provenance of the cross

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