Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Cross

SKU: 01.ITA.0112.102.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Cross (in bronze gilt)
  • Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Cross (in bronze gilt)
  • Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Cross (in bronze gilt)

Attributes

  • country
    Italy
  • date of institution
    July 3, 1738
  • remarks
    The pictured example is a collector's copy from the second half of the 20th century.

History


The Order was instituted by King Charles of Sicily to commemorate his marriage to the Princess Amelia, of Poland.

The recipients of the Order were Roman Catholics, and they were personally chosen by the reigning Monarch of Siciliy. The number of recipients was originally capped at 60, but that restriction was eliminated later in the Order’s history.

The Knights of the Order were meant to always uphold loyalty to the King, and defend the integrity of Catholicism.

The Knights of this Order were given the title Knight of Justice or Knight of Honour. The Knights of Justice were required to trace their aristocratic lineage back four generations. While the Knights of Honour were only considered honourary members of the Order because they could not trace their lineage back four generations.

There is no difference in the design, size, or composition of the awards conferred upon the two different types of Knight.

The Order was abolished with the unification of the Italian Kingdom in 1860.

The Knight Cross features a variety of possible design features, including differences in composition, size, and inscription.

The later examples of the Knight Cross feature an inscription on the obverse reading "IN SANGUINE FOEDUS."

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Versions

  • Price

    $160 USD

  • Composition

    Bronze gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    59x65mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This example is an authorized collector's copy from the second half of the 20th century.

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  • Price

    $8000 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    60mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    PROVENANCE: Christie, Lot 330, November 1984.

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  • Price

    $1200 USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    60mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

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