Royal and Military Order of St. Hermenegildo, Grand Cross
Image courtesy of “Abbildungen zur chronic sämtlicher Ritter Orden und Ehrenzeichen Souveraine and Regerungen, Seiner Majestat dem Konige Von Presussen Freiderich Wilhelm IV gewidmet von H. Schulze, Lieutenant in der Landwehr Artillerie”, published in 1835 in Berlin
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The Royal and Military Order of St. Hermenegildo (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo) was established by King Fernando VII/Ferdinand VII on November 28, 1814, after the end of the Peninsular War. It was founded in recognition of Spanish and foreign military personnel who defeated the Napoleonic army, after four year of conflict, and reconstituted Ferdinand's VII reign.
It is the first Spanish military Order awarded for length of services.
In 1931, the Second Spanish Republic modified the badge replacing the Royal Crown by the Mural Crown. Later, General Francisco Franco re-instituted the badge's design.
The Order is currently awarded in Spain in recognition of length of service to the Crown, with an unbroken record of exemplary behavior in the performance of their duties.
There are four grades; Grand Cross, Commander by Number, Commander, and Cross. It is conferred upon Generals, Officers, non-commissioned officers of the Spanish Army including the Spanish Navy and Air Force, Special forces and Civil Guard.
There is known several variation of this Order.
The Order features an obverse inscription that translates to “Award for Military Constancy.”
The Grand Cross is conferred to Generals and Admirals who have completed at least 35 years of service
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