Civil Merit Cross, Large Gold Cross
Estimated market value:
This cross was initially founded by Emperor Franz I in 1814, but it was formally instituted in 1815. When the Army Cross (Kanonenkruez) was established in 1814 specifically for the military, this Civil Merit Cross was conceived to be awarded for civil services. The cross was personally conferred by the Emperor upon high ranking individuals, such as state officials, who had rendered distinguished service and accomplishments during 1813-1814.
The civil cross was divided into two classes, ‘gold’ and ‘silver.’ The first awards were given in May 1815 and the last in 1819.
The dies for the crosses were cut by Harnisch in Vienna. The medal is a Greek cross pattee, in gold or silver at the Central Mint in Vienna. It is slightly larger than the Army Cross, and it does not have a laurel wreath between the arms. The obverse inscription reads inscription GRATI – PRINCEPS ET PATRIA – FRANC. IM. AUG translates to “In gratitude – Prince and Fatherland – Emperor Franz”. The reverse inscription EUROPAE – LIBERTATE ASSERTA – MDCCCXIII MDCCCXIV translates to “For securing liberty of Europe 1813-1814.” It was worn on a black and yellow ribbon. Names may be engraved on the rim.
There was only one example of the Large Gold Cross, it was issued to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Prince Metternich. It was worn around the neck of the recipient. Unfortunately, it was lost in the war turmoil of 1945.
Obv: GRATI PRINCEPS ET PATRIA FRANC.IMP.AUG. Rev: EUROPAE LIBERTATE ASSERTA 1813 1914
This is the only version in existence. It was awarded to Staatskanzler Clemens Wenzel Lothar Count Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilsten (1773...
Sign in to comment and reply.