Order of the German Knights, Marian Knight Cross

SKU: 01.AUT.0116.109.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Marian Breast Cross (in silver) Obverse
  • Marian Breast Cross (in silver) Reverse

Attributes

  • country
    Austria (Imperial)
  • date of institution
    February 17, 1806
  • makers
    Rothe & Neffe, Vienna

History


This Order can trace its origins to the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem. It was originally founded as a military Order in 1128 to care for sick and wounded Christian pilgrims, and establish hospitals in the Holy Land. The Order was founded on November, 19, 1190 from Duke Friedrich from Swabia.

The Order was recognized as a Roman Catholic Order by subsequent Popes, abolished by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1809, re-instituted in 1815 under the protection of Imperial Austria, and reformed by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1840 and 1871.

The Imperial Austrian Order iteration was conferred upon nobles and members of the clergy who committed themselves to the field of nursing and the practice of mercy.

In 1929 the Order became a primarily religious Order and is historically known as the Order of the German Knights, the German Order, or the German Order of Knights.

The Order was suppressed during the Nazi annexation of Austria in 1938, and re-instituted in 1945.

The Order’s motto is “Help, Defend, Heal”.

The Marian Cross was added to the Order in 1871.

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Versions

  • Price

    $250+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: ORDO TEUT HUMANITATI Rev: 1871

  • Size

    35x42mm

  • Maker

    Rothe & Neffe, Vienna

  • Version Remarks

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  • Price

    $400 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: ORDO TEUT HUMANITATI Rev: 1871

  • Size

    45x60mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

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  • Price

    $300 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: ORDO TEUT HUMANITATI

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

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