Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar

SKU: 01.HSD.0101.101.01

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  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)
  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)
  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)
  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)
  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)
  • Order of the Golden Lion, Gold Collar (1882)

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    August 14, 1770

Physical Description


A collar constructed of silver gilt. The collar alters based on the version, but all versions consist of alternating links of lions and crowned monogramed shields.

History


The House Order of the Golden Lion was instituted on August 14, 1770 by Landgraf Friedrich II of Hesse Kassel. The order was dedicated to Saint Elisabeth of Hungary, an ancestor of the founder. The order was conferred upon individuals who demonstrated exceptional civil or military merit. Following the death of the last prince-elector of Hessen-Kassel, the order was taken over by Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hessen-Darmstadt. On June 6, 1876, the order was given new statues and was introduced as a Grand Ducal Order. The order consisted of three grades: Collar, Collar Badge and Breast Star. Knights could only become members of the House of Hesse once they were of legal age. The Order of the Golden Lion was ranked after the Grand Crosses of the Ludwig Order and the Order of Philip the Magnanimous. People who possessed the Grand Cross of all three orders would wear the Ludwig Order on the sash, the Order of Philip the Magnanimous around their neck and the Order of the Golden Lion in the buttonhole. The Breast Stars of the three orders would be worn together, with the star of the Order of the Golden Lion under the others. The chancellery maintained the business associated with the order and upon the recipient's death the order had to be returned to the chancellery.

In 1882, the statutes of the Order of the Golden Lion were revised. The Order of the Golden Lion became equal to the Ludwig Order and recipients of both orders then wore the Order of the Golden Lion around their necks. The revised statutes also permitted knights of the order to wear the decoration on a gold chain rather than a ribbon. The Order of the Golden Lion could be conferred upon women and would be worn on a bow on the left shoulder. Again in 1896, the statutes were revisited. According to Statute 7, the order could be awarded with diamonds in special cases.

The order became obsolete in 1918, following the abdication of the last Grand Duke of Hessen-Darmstadt. The files regarding the Order of the Golden Lion were destroyed in a fire during World War II.

Those who wore the Collar of the Order of the Golden Lion had express permission to wear the collar.
There are three versions of the Collar of the order. The first version was issued from 1882 to 1910 and features 14 lion links and 14 monogram links.

The second version of the Collar (-1910) features 12 lion links and 12 monogram links.

The third version of the Collar (1910-1918) features 10 lion links and 12 monogram links.

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Versions

  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold

  • Inscription

    OBV: FL

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version contains 14 lion links and 14 monogram links. It was awarded from 1882 to 1910.

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Silver gilt

  • Inscription

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version contains 12 lion links and 12 monogram links. This version was awarded until 1910.

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Silver gilt

  • Inscription

  • Size

    655mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version contains 10 lion links and 10 monogram links. This version was awarded from 1910-1918.

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