Civil Merit Cross in Gold
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The Cross was founded by Co-Regent Wilhelm I in the name of Elector Wilhelm II, as a replacement for the Civil Merit Medal. It was conferred in recognition of civil and military merit.
The Medal for military merit was conferred on a special ribbon. There were no military conflicts between 1832 and 1847 and as such, an award for military merit was never conferred during this time period.
In 1847, the Hessen Government was taken over by Elector Friedrich Wilhelm I and the appearance of the Cross was altered. The modified crosses were first awarded in May of 1952.
The Cross became obsolete following the occupation of Hessen by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866.
The monogram of the founder is featured on the obverse.
In order to receive the I Class Cross, an individual had to first receive the II Class Cross.
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