House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Military Division, I Class Honour Cross

SKU: 01.HOZ.0101.303.01

Estimated market value:

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  • I Class Honour Cross (with swords, 1866)
  • I Class Honour Cross (with swords, 1866)

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    December 5, 1841
  • makers
    Gebrüder Hemmerle, Munich ; Hossauer, Berlin ; Sy & Wanger, Berlin

History


The Order was founded by Prince Konstantin of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen on December 5, 1841, and was conferred upon individuals who rendered meritorious service to the Princely house.

The Order originally featured five grades, including three Crosses and two Medals.

In 1852, the two Hohenzollern principalities were annexed by Prussia. The Prussian government expanded the Order and it continued to be awarded in Hohenzollern as a Princely House Order.

The Order underwent several expansions and was reorganized numerous times throughout its history.

In 1866, crossed swords were added to the grades that were conferred in recognition of military merit.

In 1891, the grade of Honour Commander Cross was added to the Order.

In 1910, Gold and Silver Crosses of Merit were added as grades to the Order.

During the First World War, the Order grades awarded with swords were conferred in recognition of outstanding leadership skills and bravery in the face of the enemy.

In 1916, the Order Statutes were revised and it was determined that only military personnel with the rank of Lieutenant-General, General, Colonel-General or Field Marshall were eligible to receive the I Class Honour Cross (with swords).

In 1935, King Carol II of Romania became a Prince of the House of Hollerzollern and was given the right to confer the Order in Romania.

There are known examples of the I Class Honour Cross by Hossauer, which do not feature space between the centre medallion and the laurel wreath.

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Versions

  • Price

    $3200 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: FÜR TREUE UND VERDIENST

  • Size

    50-51mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

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