House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Military Division, III Class Honour Cross (with crown and swords)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.HOZ.0101.308.01.003

Estimated market value:

$1000 USD

  • House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Military Division, III Class Honour Cross (with crown and swords) obverse
  • House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Military Division, III Class Honour Cross (with crown and swords) Obverse
  • House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Military Division, III Class Honour Cross (with crown and swords) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$1000 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver
  • Inscription
    Obv: FÜR TREUE UND VERDIENST Rev: F.C. DEN 8T. APRIL 1844
  • Size
    37x56mm

Physical Description and Item Details


(Hausorden vom Hohenzollern, Ehrenkreuz 3. Klasse mit Krone und Schwertern). A cross constructed of silver, with partially black enameled arms, along with a green enameled partial oak and laurel wreath as well as silver gilt crossed swords between the arms of the cross; the obverse with a central enameled coat of arms of Hohenzollern, surrounded by a broad ring of blue enamels, inscribed “FÜR TREUE UND VERDIENSTE” (German - For Loyalty and Merit); the reverse with a central white enameled medallion depicting the crowned monogram of Leopold, surrounded by a broad ring of blue enamels, inscribed “DEN 5. DECEMBER 1841” in gilt lettering; on a partially enameled hanging crown for suspension from its period original ribbon; measuring 38.15 mm (w) x 38.04 mm (h); weighing 28.4 grams; in overall extremely fine condition.

History


The Order was founded by Prince Konstantin of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen on December 5, 1841, and was conferred upon individuals who rendered meritorious service to the Princely house.

The Order originally featured five grades, including three Crosses and two Medals.

In 1852, the two Hohenzollern principalities were annexed by Prussia. The Prussian government expanded the Order and it continued to be awarded in Hohenzollern as a Princely House Order.

The Order underwent several expansions and was reorganized numerous times throughout its history.

In 1866, crossed swords were added to the grades that were conferred in recognition of military merit.

In 1891, the grade of Honour Commander Cross was added to the Order.

In 1910, Gold and Silver Crosses of Merit were added as grades to the Order.

During the First World War, the Order grades awarded with swords were conferred in recognition of outstanding leadership skills and bravery in the face of the enemy.

In 1916, the Order Statues were revised and it determined that only military personnel with the rank of Lieutenant, Captain or high-ranking paymasters were eligible to receive the III Class Honour Cross (with swords).

This Order continued to be awarded throughout the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

In 1935, King Carol II of Romania became a Prince of the House of Hollerzollern and was given the right to confer the Order in Romania.

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