Leopold Order, Type II, Gold Medal
Image courtesy of Ludwig. J. Trost, "Die Ritter- und Verdienst-Orden, Ehrenzeichen und Medaillen aller Souveräne und Staaten"
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A circular medal with a raised border, constructed of silver gilt. The obverse features the left-facing portrait of Duke Leopold with the circular inscription ‘LEOPOLD IV FÜRST ZUR LIPPE’. Below the neck is the stamp cutter’s signature ‘SCHULTZ F.’. The reverse features two crossed laurel twigs, open at the top, with the inscription ‘FÜR VERDIENST’ (‘for merit’) in the centre. On a loop for suspension, on a white ribbon with red borders.
The Leopold Order was founded by Prince Leopold IV in 1906, and was conferred upon individuals, regardless of rank or nationality, who rendered meritorious service to the sovereign and state. Originally, the order featured a single class, which could be conferred with or without a crown.
In 1908, the I Class Cross with Crown was modified to feature a stick pin fastening device. At this point, the order was extended to feature a Silver and Bronze Merit Medal.
In 1910, the order was extended to include a Grand Honour Cross, a Silver Collar, and a Gold Merit Medal. The Grand Honour Cross was conferred upon the princes of the House of Lippe, as well as members of other ruling houses.
The Grand Honour Cross served as I Class, the Cross with Crown as II Class, and the Cross without Crown as III Class.
In 1916, the order’s purpose was extended so that the decorations could serve as a reminder of the ascension of the Lippe-Biesterfeld line to the head of the House of Lippe.
The order became obsolete in 1918.
Type II features enamelled cross arms and an obverse inscription around the centre medallion.
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