Iron Cross, Model III, Grand Cross (1914)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.PRU.0103.101.01.000

Estimated market value:

$6500 USD

  • Grand Cross Obverse
  • Grand Cross Reverse

Estimated market value:

$6500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Johann Wagner & Sohn, Berlin
  • Composition
    Silver/Iron
  • Inscription
    Obv: FW 1813
  • Size
    59x64mm
  • Version Remarks
    Only 5 recipients received Wagner made Grand Crosses (1914).
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/prussia/medals/iron-cross-1813/prussia-state-a-i-class-iron-cross-1914

Physical Description and Item Details


(Eisernes Kreuz 1914 I. Klasse). Re-Instituted on August 5, 1914 by Emperor Wilhelm II. (Issued 1914-1918). A cross pattée of multi-piece construction with a blackened iron core (magnetic) within a ribbed border, the obverse with a raised central “W”, with the re-institution date “1914” in raised numbering on the lower arm, and the royal crown on the upper arm, the reverse plain, with a vertical needle pinback and a functional hinge/catch assembly, measuring 42.00 mm (w) x 42.05 mm (h), weighing 13.0 grams, in overall good condition.

History


The Iron Cross was a military decoration founded by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and it was awarded for acts of heroism, bravery and exemplary leadership.

The Cross was primarily a military decoration, yet on numerous occasions it was awarded to civilians for services rendered to the military.

The design of the Cross was inspired by the Cross pattée, which was used as a symbol of the Teutonic Order, as well as the Prussian Army from 1871 to 1918.

The Order consisted of three grades, I Class Cross, II Class Cross and Grand Cross. The I and II Class are largely the same in size and composition. The Grand Cross was double the size of the former.

The I and II Class Crosses were worn on the left breast, and the Grand Cross was worn suspended from the neck.

The Cross was first awarded in recognition of exemplary military and civil service during the Napoleonic Wars.

Model II of the Decoration was awarded during the Franco-Prussian War (1870).

Model III of the Decoration was awarded during the First World War (1914), and subsequent versions were awarded during World War II and featured a swastika in the center of the obverse.

The Grand Cross was conferred for winning a decisive battle, defending a fortress, or for conquering an important position or location.

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