Iron Cross, Model III, I Class Cross, by W. Deumer

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.PRU.0103.`103.01.004

Estimated market value:

$200+ USD

  • Model III, I Class Cross, by W. Deumer

Estimated market value:

$200+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Wilhelm Deumer, Lüdenscheid
  • Composition
    Blackened Iron/Silver
  • Inscription
    Obv: W 1914

History


The Iron Cross was a military decoration founded by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and it was awarded for acts of heroism, bravery and exemplary leadership.

The Cross was primarily a military decoration, yet on numerous occasions it was awarded to civilians for services rendered to the military.

The design of the Cross was inspired by the Cross pattée, which was used as a symbol of the Teutonic Order, as well as the Prussian Army from 1871 to 1918.

The Order consisted of three grades, I Class Cross, II Class Cross and Grand Cross. The I and II Class are largely the same in size and composition. The Grand Cross was double the size of the former.

The I and II Class Crosses were worn on the left breast, and the Grand Cross was worn suspended from the neck.

The Cross was first awarded in recognition of exemplary military and civil service during the Napoleonic Wars.

Model II of the Decoration was awarded during the Franco-Prussian War (1870).

Model III of the Decoration was awarded during the First World War (1914), and subsequent versions were awarded during World War II and featured a swastika in the center of the obverse.

A special class, the Grand Cross with golden rays, was specially created for Field Marshal G.L. Blücher following the Battle of Waterloo (1815). It was awarded only once more in 1918 to Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg.

The Cross may be flat or curved and this may result in a price variation.

The Cross may be composed of Silver or Silver gilt.

As there were a very large number of I Class Crosses awarded, there are many manufacturers. Due to the difference in manufacturer the appearance and most commonly, the size, may vary.

These manufacturers include, but are not limited to:
CD 800 (unknown manufacturer)
GD 800 (unknown manufacturer)
Glaser & Sohn, Dresden (marked "G" on needle)
K.A.G. (unknown maker)
Kallenbach, Meyer & Francke, Luckenwalde (marked “KM & F”)
K.O. (unknown maker)
Sy & Wagner, Berlin (marked “SW”)
Johann Wagner & Sohn, Berlin (marked “WS”)
Gebrüder Godet & Co. (marked “Godet. Berlin”)
J.H. Werner, Berlin (marked “J.H. Werner/Berlin)
Deschler & Sohn, Munich (unmarked)
Wilhelm Deumer KG, Lüdenscheid (unmarked)
C.E. Juncker, Berlin (unmarked)
Paul Meybauer, Berlin (unmarked)
Steinhauer & Lück, Lüdenscheid (unmarked)

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