Duke Ernst Medal, Type II, Civil Division, in Silver
Image courtesy of Andreas Thies
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The Duke Ernst Medal was originally introduced on September 16, 1906, by Duke Ernst I to commemorate his 80th birthday. The Medal was awarded in recognition of a wide range of meritorious services and achievements, which generally benefited the Ducal House and the public.
The Type II medals were instituted on August 1, 1909, by Duke Ernst II. The medals featured the portrait of Duke Ernst II facing right.
On August 31, 1915, a “1914” clasp was added as a possible medal attribute to reward service in the fields of healthcare and social welfare during the First World War. In addition, a surmounting silver crown became a possible addition to recognise outstanding achievement. As of 1915, a crossed swords clasp could be added to the medal ribbon to denote war merit. Furthermore, to recognise repeated act of merit during the war, the medal was awarded with a surmounting crown and a crossed swords clasp.
If the recipient had been a member of Duke Ernst II's field entourage during the war, the ribbon featured an oak leaf clasp and a clasp which was inscribed with the years "1914/15".
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