House Order of Saxe-Ernestine, Type I, Civil Division, Grand Cross (for Coburg-Gotha with diamonds)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.SXD.0101.101.01.012

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Estimated market value:

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Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Gold/Diamonds/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: FIDELITER ET CONSTANTER Rev: D 25 DECEMBER 1833

History


The Order was jointly founded by Duke Ernst I of Coburg-Gotha, Duke Friedrich of Altenburg, and Duke Bernhard Erich Freund of Saxony-Meiningen.

This Order originally consisted of the grades of Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Commander Cross with I Class Commander Breast Star, II Class Commander Cross, Knight Cross, and Silver Merit Cross.

It was awarded to members of the aforementioned families, civil servants, citizens of Coburg-gotha, Altenburg, and Meiningen, and foreign citizens to recognize valuable and loyal services.

To be officially conferred upon a foreigner, the award had to have been supported by at least two Duchies.

The awards conferred upon citizens of the three founding Duchies had an oak wreath surrounding the centre medallion, while the awards conferred upon foreigners did not have an oak wreath surrounding the centre medallion.

Additionally, the Order awards were decorated with a letter on the obverse of the upper cross arm that was associated with the awarding Duchy.

The Order awards from Altenburg had the letter "F" on the obverse.

The Order awards from Saxony-Meiningen had the letter "B" on the obverse.

The Order awards from Coburg-Gotha had the letter "E" on the obverse.

In 1850 the Order was amended to allow crossed swords, through the centre of the cross or on the surmounting ring, to be added to the awards conferred to recognize wartime merits.

The recipients of the Grand Cross were awarded hereditary knighthood.

There are versions of the Grand Cross and Grand Cross Breast Star with diamonds and other brilliants that were only manufactured by Coburg-Gotha.

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