Medal for Art and Science "BENE MERENTIBVS", Type III, in Large Gold
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The Bene Merentibvs medal was instituted in 1808, and was awarded for good service.
In 1910, the Bene Merentibvs medal came under the Virtuti et Ingenio medal, for arts and science. The obverse features a portrait of the ruling King. The reverse features Pallas Athene, seated holding a laurel wreath. She is the goddess of the alert mind and wisdom, and the protector of art.
From 1872, award decrees were issued for residents and from 1877, the medal could be worn on the ribbon of the Order of Albrecht. From 1880, the awards were published. To upgrade an award, the medal could be worn on the commander ribbon of the Order of Merit or the Order of Albrecht, if this was expressly approved by the king himself.
There have been no major awards conferred since 1902. In 1913, the Chancellery determined that when someone was awarded with a high ranking Virtuti et Ingenio medal, a previously awarded Bene Merentibus medal should be returned.
The Type III (1873-1902) medals feature the portrait of King Albert. It is stamped with the engraver's signature L. Klemich.
The Large Gold medal was made of 16 ducats. One was awarded on a Commander’s Cross of the Order of Albrecht.
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