Order of Merit, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (1891-1918, in silver gilt)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.SXK.0106.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$3300 USD

  • Order of Merit, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (1891-1918, in silver gilt)
  • Order of Merit, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (1891-1918, in silver gilt)
  • Order of Merit, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (1891-1918, in silver gilt) Reverse
  • Order of Merit, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Commander (1891-1918, in silver gilt) Mark

Estimated market value:

$3300 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: FRIED. AUG. KV. SACHSEN D. 7. JUN. 1815 Rev: FÜR VERDIENST UND TREUE
  • Size
    87x61mm
  • Version Remarks
    The award weighs 69 grams.

Physical Description and Item Details


Saxony, Kingdom. A Civil Merit Order, Commander with Crown, by Scharffenberg, c.1910

(Zivil Verdienstorden Komturkreuz). Instituted on 7 June 1815 by King Friedrich Augustus 1. I Model. 1891-1918 Issue. A white enameled Maltese cross with green enameled clovers in each quadrant, obverse centre features a gilt-crowned Saxon coat of arms in enamels, surrounded by the inscription “FRIED. AUG. K. V. SACHSEN D. 7. JUN. 1815” (FRIEDRICH AUGUST KING OF SAXONY, 7 JUNE 1815) on a white enamel field, reverse centre presnets the four-line inscription “FÜR VERDIENST UND TREUE” (“FOR MERIT AND FAITH”) over white enamel and a golden border, the outer surround contains a green and red-enameled oak leaf wreath over a white enamel background and golden border, maker marked S on 6 o'clock arm denoting G.A. Scharffenberg, Dresden, measuring 61.33 mm (w) x 85.12 mm (h - inclusive of imperial crown), weighing 64.2 g, with enamel loss on both obverse and reverse centres, on elongated suspension loop from period original green-and-white ribbon, and in near very fine condition.

History


This Order was founded by King Friedrich August after his release from imprisonment in 1815. The Order was conferred upon citizens of Saxony, and foreign citizens, in recognition of merit and virtue within distinguished civil services.

The Order was originally called the "Order of Civil Merit", but the name was changed in 1849 to the "Order of Merit".

The Order grades were also awarded with crossed swords beginning in 1866 to recognize recipients for military merit and service.

The I Class Commander and II Class Commander grades had the same size and composition, the main difference between the two grades was that the I Class Commander was awarded with a I Class Commander Breast Star.

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