Order of the Rue Crown, Breast Star (1807-1840)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.SXK.0101.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$1,500 USD

  • Breast Star (1807-1840) (Embroidered) Obverse
  • Breast Star (1807-1840) (Embroidered) Obverse
  • Breast Star (1807-1840) (Embroidered) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$1,500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Embroidered/Cloth/Silver Wire/Silver Sequins
  • Inscription
    Obv: PROVI DENTIAE MEMOR
  • Size
    105mm

Physical Description and Item Details


(Hausorden der Rautenkrone). Instituted 1807 by Frederick Augustus I, the first King of Saxony. An intricately made with attention to details; in cloth/fabric backing, embroidered in silver, silver wire and sequins, center in fabric and silver wire, of fine quality make with fine details, measuring 105 mm, very fine.

History


The Order was established by the first King of Saxony, Friedrich August I, under the direction of Napoleon, who was responsible for raising Saxony to a kingdom in 1807.

The Order was established as the civil counterpart to the Military Order of St. Henry. It may also be known as the Order of the Crown of Saxony. It takes its name from the green floral crown of rue (crancelin) presented in the coat of arms of Saxony. The first award ceremony took place in July 1807, when King Frederich August I and Emperor Napoleon exchanged medals in Dresden palace.

Originally, the Order had a limited membership of 24 knights, but exceptions were made to include members of royalty and prestigious individuals. Royal Princes were automatically admitted to the order at birth. Women were not admitted to the order.

The Order was only issued in one grade, Knight. A costume was also planned for the knights, consisting of a grass-green velvet coat, skirt, waistcoat and trousers in French form of smooth drap d’or, black, lined with white atlas and embroidered with gold diamond leaves all around. A hat with a white feather, white silk stockings and a gold or gold plated sword were also worn.

Two Knight Crosses were awarded with diamonds, one to Portuguese Prime Minister Dom Nuno José de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé and one to Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. A third Knight with diamonds belongs to the crown treasure.

The Order Chancellor was chosen from among the knights. He was responsible for keeping the business of the order, including the seals, regulating new admissions and producing the orderly internal papers. He wore the cross, star and chain and was to carry a bag of gold cloth in his left hand with the order seal.

The Order Treasurer and the Order of Ceremonies wore the cross en sautoir (around the neck) but without the star. The Order Secretary and the Order Archivist carry a reduced cross in the button hole.

From its establishment in 1807 until the fall of the German Empire in 1928, the Cross was only awarded 332 times. After 1918, isolated awards are known but not documented.

There may exist many varieties of the Breast Star with different compositions and sizes.

There were several known manufacturers of the Order's Breast Star, including the early manufacturer Schnitzspahn from Darmstadt, Hossauer from Berlin beginning in 1855, and Scharffenberg from Dresden from 1896 onward. Breast stars were made in metal from 1855 onwards.

Breast Stars including brilliants, such as diamonds, were manufactured by other unknown makers.

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