Civil Merit Order of St. Louis, Commander

SKU: 01.ITA.0106.103.01

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    December 22, 1836


The Order was initially an Order of the Duchy of Lucca by Charles Louise. He later became Charles II, Duke of Parma, following the death of Duchess Maria Luigia of Habsburg.

The Order originally featured three classes and was strictly a civil award. The Parma branch of the Order was expanded by his son, Charles III, Duke of Parma, on August 11, 1849, to reward extraordinary merit within civil and military services and have five grades.

Membership to the Order was primarily restricted to noble Catholics but was open to Protestants in cases of extreme merit.

When a non-noble became the recipient of the Grand Cross or Commander grades they were bestowed with hereditary nobility. If they were the recipient of the I Class or II Class Knight grade, they were only granted with personal nobility that was withdrawn following their death.

The Grand Master of the Order, who was always the Duke of Parma, was the only member of the Order who was permitted to add brilliants to their awards.

The maximum membership numbers for each grade excluded reigning princes and foreigners.

The Commander and Commander Breast Star were restricted to a maximum of 30 members.

The Commander is also known as the II Class.

See the Civil Merit Order of St. Louis in the Orders of the Duchy of Lucca for more information.


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