House Order of Orange, Type II, Medal for Courage and Sacrifice
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The House Order of Orange was established by Queen Wilhelmina in 1905. It is conferred at the sole discretion of the reigning Dutch monarch in recognition of meritorious service rendered to the Royal House of Orange.
This Order has a complicated history involving changes to grades and regulations. For clarity, it has been classified into three types based on overarching time periods where the award remains consistent. Type I decorations were awarded from 1905-1908, Type II decorations were awarded from 1908-1969, and Type III decorations have been awarded since 1969.
Type II decorations were awarded in 6 grades, with an additional 2-grade Cross of Merit, 3-grade Medal of Honour, 2-grade Medal for Arts and Science, 3-grade Medal for Initiative and Medal for Courage and Sacrifice, and Ladies' Cross.
The Medal for Courage and Sacrifice features an obverse inscription that translates to "For Courage and Self-Sacrifice," and a reverse inscription that translates to “I Will Maintain." It was never officially awarded.
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