House Order of Orange, Type III, Grand Cross
Image courtesy of Daderot, Wikipedia
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The House Order of Orange was established by Queen Wilhelmina in 1905. It is conferred at the sole discretion of the reigning Dutch monarch in recognition of meritorious service rendered to the Royal House of Orange.
This Order has a complicated history involving changes to grades and regulations. For clarity, it has been classified into three types based on overarching time periods where the award remains consistent. Type I decorations were awarded from 1905-1908, Type II decorations were awarded from 1908-1969, and Type III decorations have been awarded since 1969.
Type III decorations are awarded in four different groups: the Order of the House of Orange, the Crown Order, the Order of Loyalty and Merit, and Honorary Medals.
The Order of the House of Orange is conferred exclusively upon Dutch citizens. Members are received in the lowest grade and higher grades are only conferred through promotion.
The Grand Cross features an obverse inscription that translates to “I Will Maintain.”
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