Civil Order of Africa, Type I, Grand Officer
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The Civil Order of Africa (Orden Civil de África) was founded by the Second Spanish Republic on October 26, 1933. It was created as a commemoration of the recently pacification in the Spanish protectorate of Morocco in 1925.
The Order was awarded to Spanish and foreign citizens, particularly African natives, who served to Spanish interests in Africa. The Order had to be returned to the Order once the recipient passed away.
The Order was unofficially discontinued following the end of the Spanish Civil War, and it was re-introduced by the government of General Francisco Franco on November 11, 1950. It was re instituted with new grades. This occasion, the Order was awarded to Spanish or foreign citizens in recognition of meritorious service to Spanish interests into Africa, in fields such as, science, economy, sanitary, and government management. The awarded did not had to be returned to the Order.
The Order became unofficially obsolete following June 1977, when it was awarded by last time.
These awards are very rare.
The awards conferred during the Second Republic may feature a surmounting mural crown, while the awards conferred post-1950 feature an eagle on the obverse medallion and a surmounted imperial crown.
The Order is classified into types. Type I includes the awards conferred during the Second Republic (1931-1939), while Type II includes the awarded conferred from 1950 to 1977.
During the Second Republic, the Order had seven grades, i.e., Grand Cross (also known as Band,) Grand Officer (also known as Plate,) Commander, Officer, Knight, Silver Medal, and Bronze Medal. It was awarded by men and women without distinction in their awards.
In Type I the Order has no motto in its awards.
In Type II, the Order has five grades, i.e., Grand Officer, Commander with Plate, Commander, Officer, and Silver Medal. It was awarded by males and females without distinction in their awards.
The Order features an obverse inscription that translates to "One, Big, and Free," in the lace of the top.
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