SA Sports Badge, Type II, in Gold
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The SA Sports Badge was established as a semi-official award by the Stabschef Ernst Röhm on November 28th, 1933, and it was granted official status by Adolf Hitler on February 15th, 1935. Originally, only members of the SA were eligible to receive the award, however, once it gained official status, all racially pure and hereditarily fit Germans became eligible to receive the award. In order to receive the Badge, an individual had to pass a single physical fitness test.
On March 18th, 1937, the award criteria was changed and recipients were required to pass the physical fitness exam every year, in order to retain their Badge. Men were expected to try and win the Badge from the age of 17 and on. Members of the Hitler Youth were to start preparing at age 16.
On January 19th, 1939, Adolf Hitler ordered the name to be changed to SA Wehrabzeichen (Military Defence Badge or Military Sports Badge), but the design remained the same.
The test activities were divided into three categories: physical exercises, field exercises and defence exercises. Physical exercises included: long jump, 100 yards sprint, shot put, long-distance throw, and 300-metre run. Field exercises included: signalling, map reading, reconnaissance work, judging terrain and estimating ranges. Defence exercises included: small calibre arms fire, swimming or cycle speed test, grenade throwing, etc.
The Naval Branch of the SA had to complete different activities, which included: casting lines, a 25-minute row in a cutter, knotting and splicing, seamanship in boats, etc.
The Badge was issued in three grades, bronze, silver and gold.
The Gold Badge was awarded to men who had received the Silver Badge and continued to pass the tests for an additional 6 years. It was also awarded to men over the age of 40 who completed the tests in a period of 12 months.
There were three types of the badge and they can be distinguished by the wording on the obverse.
Type II was issued from February 1935 to December 1936. The reverse is stamped with “Eigentum d. SA. Sportabzeichen-Hauptstelle”.
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