Submarine War Badge, by W. Deumer
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The Submarine War Badge was originally instituted in January of 1918 and it was later revived by Adolf Hitler on October 13th, 1939. The Badge was conferred upon U-Boat crews who were exceptional at locating and destroying enemy vessels.
To receive the badge, an individual had to participate in at least two operational missions or had to participate in at least one successful sortie against the enemy. In addition, if an individual was wounded during a mission, they were also eligible to receive the badge. If a sailor was killed in the line of duty, his badge would be sent to his next-of-kin. The award could be conferred upon officers, non-commissioned officers, and enlisted men, as long as they fulfilled one of the criteria listed above. The awards were issued at the discretion of the U-boat's captain.
The first badges were manufactured by Schwerin & Sohn (Berlin) and were composed of tombac. The finishes vary and include real gold and artificial gold washes. Cloth badges were produced but rarely worn.
Badges by Deumer are unmarked. They are attributed to the company due to similarities in badges shown in the company’s wartime catalogue. Badges are made of tombac. Some Deumer badges exist in a hollow stamped variation. It is possible that Deumer also produced late war zinc badges using a different die.
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