High Order of the Black Eagle, Breast Star

SKU: 01.PRU.0101.103.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Breast Star (1701-1810) Obverse
  • Breast Star (1701-1810) Obverse
  • Breast Star (1701-1810) Reverse

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    January 17, 1701
  • remarks
    The Order was awarded to 407 members from 1701-1918. There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enamelled wreath; suspension.

History


This Order was founded by Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg on the day before his coronation to become King Friedrich I of Prussia. Elector Friedrich III instituted the Order to demonstrate the importance and dignity of Prussia within the European hierarchy.

The Order was primarily conferred upon foreign and domestic Princes, Heads of State, and Dignitaries in recognition of extraordinary civil and military merit and achievements. It was also awarded to members of the Prussian military.

From 1703 to 1847, the Order was only awarded to members of the nobility who could trace their lineage through multiple generations.

On February 20, 1847, King Freidrich Wilhelm IV amended the Order to include individuals who were not of noble lineage. These recipients, in turn, would receive hereditary nobility.

The Order featured only one grade, which included a Collar, Cross, and an associated Breast Star. The reigning King could award the Order with or without the collar. The Order members had to wear their decorations at all times or risk fines for violating the Order’s rules.

The Order decorations could be conferred with diamonds to members of royal families and other high-ranking recipients for exceptional merit.

The Order's motto was "Suum Cuique," which is translates to, “To each according to his merits.”

The Order was discontinued in 1918.

The Breast Star was embroidered until the early 19th century and had many versions, ranging in size and design.

The Breast Star featured both smooth rays, and filed or pebbled (faceted) rays, and ranged in size from 72-100mm.

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Versions

  • Price

    $4950 USD

  • Composition

    Embroidered/Silver/Silver Wire/Black Wire/Gilt Wire

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    130x130mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $2200+ USD

  • Composition

    Embroidered/Silver Wire

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    93-114mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $5000+ USD

  • Composition

    Embroidered/Gold Wire/Silver Wire

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    80mm

  • Maker

    Heinrich Vogel & Alckens, Munich

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $6500+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    96x96mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version features smooth rays on the arms.

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  • Price

    $2200+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    99mm

  • Maker

    J. Godet & Sohn, Berlin

  • Version Remarks

    This version features smooth rays on the arms.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $9350 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    86mm

  • Maker

    Rothe, Vienna

  • Version Remarks

    This version features a pebbled design on the arms.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $1270+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    80-100mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $5500+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Diamonds/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    99x99mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $17000+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    86x86mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version was conferred upon recipients that were also members of the Order of the Garter.

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  • Price

    $2950 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Silver gilt/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: SUUM CUIQUE

  • Size

    37mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version was intended to be worn by a Prince, age 10 to 15.

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Miniatures

  • Price

    $130 USD

  • Size

    40.5mm

  • Composition

  • Remarks

    Bronze gilt/Enamelled.

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