Order of the Two Rivers (Wisam al-Imtiaz-i-Rafidain), Military Division, Commander
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The Order of the Two Rivers (Wisam al-Imtiaz-i-Rafidain) was originally established by King Faisal Ghazi I of Iraq in 1922 or 1927 (see IRQ100). However, the Order was modified following the 1958 Iraqi Coup de'etat which resulted in the fall of Iraqi Hashemite dynasty and the establishment of the Iraqi Republic. In 1968, a Collar was added to the Order. The Order was named after the two great rivers of Iraq, the Tigris, and the Euphrates, and is awarded in 4 Classes to both civil and military personnel in recognition of exceptional or meritorious services to the state. Other foreigners may also be eligible for the award.
The Commander is worn from a neck ribbon and is conferred as the second highest Class of the Order. It is uncertain if the Commander is issued with a Breast Badge. More research is needed.
The crown design featured on the decorations of Orders issued during the Kingdom of Iraq was replaced by a republican eagle design during the Iraqi Republic.
The Commander features an Arabic inscription on the obverse which translates to "The Republic of Iraq Loving the Country is Faith" and the reverse which translates to "The Two Rivers 1377 A.H. The People." The date "1377 A.H." corresponds to 1960.
The Commander is presented in both a military and civil version. Commanders awarded to military personnel are suspended from a suspension device which features crossed sabres superimposed onto a wreath, while Commanders awarded in recognition of civil service feature a wreath suspension devoid of crossed sabres.
There may be additional versions with an alternative reverse inscription, but more research is necessary.
Obv: [ARABIC INSCRIPTION] Rev: [ARABIC INSCRIPTION]
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