The Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa. The name Ghana means “Warrior King." It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. The country is surrounded by Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo, Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The capital and largest city is Accra. Ghana has a total population of 28.3 million. English is the country’s official language, however over 40 languages are spoken throughout Ghana. The discovery of gold in Ghana led to the nickname, the Gold Coast. Ghana has the world largest man-made lake, it is called Lake Volta.

Since the 17th century, many European powers colonized on the Gold Coast more than elsewhere in Africa. In the late 19th century, it was the British who ultimately controlled the coast. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana's current borders were established in the 1900s as the British Gold Coast. Ghana was the first country in sub-Sahara Africa to gained its independence from colonialism, which occurred in 1957. Now the country has a unitary presidential constitutional democracy type of government.

In recent decades, the Ghanaian military has repeatedly taken power in the country through coups. The military consists of army, navy, air force, national police force, palace guard and civil defence. Overall, the number of active units is one of the lowest in the world.

The Order of the Star and Eagles of Ghana is the highest title and was conferred only upon the President of Ghana.


“Republic of Ghana.” GMIC. Posted October 31, 2008.
“Orders, decorations and medals of Ghana.” Accessed Feb 1 2018.

See the "General Sources" page in the Footer.

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