The Republic of the Niger is a country in West Africa. The landlocked country is named after the Niger River. It is bounded by Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Algeria. Niger has a population of 20,6 million. The capital and largest city is Niamey. French is the official language.
Some history facts about Niger - in the 19th century the Germans and the French explorers Niger. During the time happened one of the worst massacres in French colonial history, because in retaliation for the resistance of queen Sarraounia, the French murdered all the inhabitants of the village of Birni-N'Konni. By 1922, all resistance to colonial rule was eliminated and Niger became a French colony. On August 3, 1960, the Republic of Niger proclaimed its independence. Since then, Nigeriens have lived under five constitutions and three periods of military rule. After the military coup in 2010, Niger became a democratic, multi-party state.
The National Order was the highest title and was conferred upon individuals, of at least 30 years of age, in recognition of notable service to the nation.
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