Order of the Rose, Grand Cross Breast Star
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The Order of the Rose (Imperial Ordem da Rosa) was established in Brazil by Dom Pedro I on October 17, 1829, to commemorate his second marriage with Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg on August 2, 1829.
The Order was awarded to civilians, and military personnel, either Brazilians or foreigners, who distinguished themselves by their fidelity to the Emperor and by services rendered to the state.
The grades of the Order were Grand Cross, Grand Dignitary, Dignitary, Commander, Officer, Knight, and Member. The Grand Cross was limited to sixteen bestows; the Grand Dignitary was limited to sixteen bestows; the Dignitary was limited to thirty-two, while Commander, Officer, Knight, and Member were unlimited.
The Order was rescinded by decree of General Manoel Deodoro da Fonseca on March 22, 1890. Since then, it has been identified as a House Order.
Some resources stand that the designer of the insignia was the French artist Jean-Baptiste Debret, however there is also the theory that was Eugène Hubert De La Michellerie.
This became the most popular of Pedro I’s orders.
The Grand Cross, Grand Dignitary, Commander, and Knight feature a Brazilian Imperial crown.
The Grand Cross may be awarded with the Collar for Permanent members, and with the sash ribbon for Honorary members.
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