Order of Guadalupe, Type III, Collar
Image courtesy of Ludovicus Ferdinandus at Wikipedia
Estimated market value:
The Order of Guadalupe (La Orden de Guadalupe) was established in Mexico by Agustín de Iturbide as the Imperial Order of Guadalupe soon after Mexico declared its independence from Spanish rule on September 27, 1821. The Order was regulated by decree of February 20, 1822, and it was under the patronage of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the most important Saint in Mexico.
The Order was originally conferred upon Iturbide's followers who backed his intentions to become the first emperor of Mexico. However, the Order was annulled by first time in 1823 right after Iturbide was overthrown. The Order was later rescinded, and recreated, twice during the nineteenth century. Finally, it was permanently dissolved on June 19, 1867.
The Order is classified into types according with the dates of its re-creations. Type I consists of the decorations between 1822 and 1824; Type II includes the Order from 1853 and 1855; and Type III refers to the awards between 1863 and 1867.
In Type III (1863-1867), the Order was founded again as the Order of Guadalupe by the Second Mexican Empire on July 1, 1863, and it was confirmed by Maximilian I on April 10, 1865.The Order was awarded to civilians, and military personnel, in recognition of the extraordinary services rendered to the Empire.
The Order consisted of six grades. Collar; Grand Cross, limited to thirty (30); Grand Officer, limited to one hundred (100); Commander limited to one hundred fifty (150); and Knight. In 1865 the Order became a civil Order, and it was awarded in recognition of civil virtues, and distinguished merit.
The motto of the Order is translated to “Religion, Independence, Union.”
The Order features its motto on the obverse, and has a reverse inscription that translates to "Heroic Patriotism" for military awards, and "Merit and Virtue" for civil awards.
The Order was abolished by last time in 1867 when Maximilian I was overthrown and executed.
The Collar consists of a national eagle badge suspended on a chain of alternating eagles with outspread wings, and small wreaths around the monogram "A Y."
The market value of Type III decorations depends on the quality of manufacture; some decoration include precious stones and handmade works.
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