National and Distinguished Order of Guadalupe, Type II, Grand Cross Breast Star
Estimated market value:
The Order of Guadalupe (La Orden de Guadalupe) was established in Mexico by Agustín de Iturbide as the Imperial Order of Guadalupe soon after Mexico declared its independence from Spanish rule on September 27, 1821. The Order was regulated by decree of February 20, 1822, and it was under the patronage of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the most important Saint in Mexico.
The Order was originally conferred upon Iturbide's followers who backed his intentions to become the first emperor of Mexico. However, the Order was annulled by first time in 1823 right after Iturbide was overthrown. The Order was later rescinded, and recreated, twice during the nineteenth century. Finally, it was permanently dissolved on June 19, 1867.
The motto of the Order is translated to “Religion, Independence, Union.”
The Order is classified into types according with the dates of its re-creations. Type I consists of the decorations between 1822 and 1824; Type II includes the Order from 1853 and 1855; and Type III refers to the awards between 1863 and 1867.
In Type II (1853-1855), the Order was restored as the National and Distinguished Order of Guadalupe by decree of General Antonio López de Santa Anna on November 11, 1853.
The Order was awarded to civilians, and military personnel, in recognition of extraordinary services rendered to the country.
The Order consisted of four grades; Collar, Grand Cross, Commander, and Knight. The Grand Cross was limited to twenty-four bestowals (24), the Commander was limited to one-hundred (100), and the Knight was unlimited. However, it is unlikely that many orders were actually bestowed.
The Order was annulled in 1855, when Santa Anna was overthrown.
The design of the Order for this period features republican symbols.
The Order features its motto on the obverse, and has a reverse inscription that translates to "Heroic Patriotism."
The market value of Type II decorations is hard to define due to the rarity of these decorations.
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