Army Distinguished Service Cross (by Aymor Embury, with "E PLURIBUS UNUM" inscription)
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The Army Distinguished Service Cross was first established by President Woodrow Wilson by Act of Congress on July 9, 1918, and amended on July 25, 1963. The Bronze Cross is awarded to any military or civilian personnel in recognition of service of any capacity with the Army that distinguishes the recipient by acts of heroism in combat that does not merit a Medal of Honor. The Cross is the first award for valour for civilians serving with the Army and is awarded for action against an enemy of the United States, service in military actions involving conflict with a foreign force, or for service with an allied nation engaged in armed conflict against a nation in which the United States is not a belligerent party. Foreign nationals may also be eligible for the award. Approximately 13 281 Crosses have been issued.
The Cross may be awarded posthumously.
Recipients of the Cross who have retired with 20 years or more of service are entitled to a 10 percent increase in retired pay.
There are multiple versions of the Cross which vary by design and size. The first version was designed by Lieutenant Andre Smith and features an oak leaf design ornamenting the arms of the Cross. The second and third versions were designed by Captain Aymor Embury and are of a smaller size and omit the oak leaf design. The second version was manufactured in the United States and depicts the obverse inscription "FOR VALOR" while the third version was manufactured in France and depicts the obverse inscription "E PLURIBUS UNUM."
There may be additional versions of the Cross which differ in composition.
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