II Class Medal (for Architecture, 2000-) Ribbon
Image courtesy of eMedals.com
The Medal of Cultural Merit was established by King Carol II in 1931. It was suppressed in 1944 and was not awarded in the period following the abolition of the Romanian monarchy, but it was reinstated in 2000 following the collapse of the communist regime.
It is awarded to Romanian citizens and foreigners in recognition of achievements in a variety of cultural fields. From 1931-1944 it was awarded in nine different categories for merit in science, education, the National Guard, scouting and sport, social welfare, literature, music and theatre, religion, and general culture. It is currently awarded for merit in literature, music, fine arts, performance arts, national heritage, religion, scientific research, architecture, and the promotion of culture. The categories have always been denoted by different ribbons.
There are three models of the II Class Medal. The first features the portrait of King Carol II and the second features the portrait of King Mihai I. Both of these models feature an obverse inscription that translates to “Through Culture Towards Liberty.” The third model features the national arms of Romania and a reverse inscription that translates to "Cultural Merit."
The previous versions are listed in the Medals & Decorations of the Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947). See also the Order of Cultural Merit in the Orders of the Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947) and Romania (1990-).
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