Military Order of Savoy, Type I, Grand Cross Breast Star

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.ITA.0127.102.01.000

  • Military Order of Savoy, Type I, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse

Estimated market value:

N/A

Attributes

  • Country
    Italy
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: AL MERITO ED AL VALORE
  • Image Licensing
    The image of the Grand Cross Breast Star is a scanned image from Plate 77 of "The Book of Orders of Knighthood and Decorations of Honour of all Nations" edited by Sir Bernard Burke. The book was published in 1858, and falls within the public domain in Canada {{PD-Canada-anon}} and the United States {{PD-1923}}. It is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. The image can be found at https://archive.org/stream/1858BookOfOrdersOfKnighthoodAndDecorationsOfHonour/1858BookOfOrders#page/n331/mode/2up/search/sardinia.

History


The Order was founded by King Victor Emmanuel I, and it was awarded to military personnel in recognition of acts of honour, bravery, and merit during times of war; it was rarely awarded to foreigners. This Order was conferred upon all military personnel of all ranks.

In 1833, King Charles Albert instituted the Military Medal of Valour to circumvent the strict awarding criteria within the Order and reward all soldiers within the military for meritorious service, regardless of rank. The institution of this medal caused the Order to fall into disuse until it was re-organized in 1855.

Thus the Order Statutes were amended by King Victor Emmanuel II on September 28, 1855, resulting in a new design for the Order awards, and the addition of the grades of Grand Officer and Officer.

Following the fall of the Monarchy in 1946, the Order was not discontinued, it was renamed the Military Order of Italy on January 2, 1947.

The Type I crosses feature the form of the Savoy cross surrounded by a green enamelled wreath and surmounted by a crown.

The Type I Grand Cross was never awarded.

The Grand Cross and Commander grades were awarded to high ranking military personnel for extraordinary merit in leading an army, division, or regiment.

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